We have characterized Hawthorne as the greatest of American romancers.
Childhood Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on July 4,into the sixth generation of his Salem family. His ancestors included businessmen, judges, and seamen—all Puritans, a strict religious discipline. Two aspects of his background especially affected his imagination and writing career.
The Hathornes Nathaniel added the "w" to the name had been involved in religious persecution intense harassment with their first American ancestor, William.
Another ancestor, John Hathorne, was one of the three judges at the seventeenth-century Salem witchcraft trials, where dozens of people were accused of, and later executed for, being "witches. Nathaniel, the only son, spent his early years in Salem and in Maine.
A leg injury forced Hawthorne to remain immobile for a considerable period, during which he developed an exceptional taste for reading and thinking. His childhood was calm, a little isolated but far from unhappy, especially since as a handsome and attractive only son he was idolized by his mother and his two sisters.
With the aid of his wealthy uncles, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College from to Among his classmates were poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow —and future U. At Bowdoin, Hawthorne read widely and received solid Nathaniel Hawthorne. His refusal to participate in public speaking prevented his achievement of an outstanding academic record, but he was in good standing.
On one occasion he was fined 50 cents for gambling at cards, but his behavior was not otherwise singled out for official disapproval. Though small and isolated, the Bowdoin of the s was an unusually good college, and Hawthorne undoubtedly profited from his formal education.
He also made loyal friends. Later he looked back upon these years as a period of dreamlike isolation and solitude, spent in a haunted room. During these "solitary years" he learned to write tales and sketches that are still unique. In truth, he did have social engagements, played cards, and went to the theatre.
Nevertheless, he consistently remembered these twelve years as a strange, dark dream, though his view of the influence of these years varied. In the publication of Twice-Told Tales somewhat lifted this spell of darkness. His books were far from profitable enough to support a wife and family, so in he went to work in the Boston Custom House and then spent part of in the famous Brook Farm community in hopes of finding a pleasant and economical home for Sophia and himself.
Hawthorne and Sophia, whom he finally married inresorted not to Brook Farm but to the Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, where they spent several years of happiness in as much quiet living as they could achieve.
Concord was home to Ralph Waldo Emerson —Henry David Thoreau —and Ellery Channing —and Hawthorne was in frequent contact with these important thinkers, though he did not take to their philosophical lifestyles.
Writing the novels Facing the world once more, Hawthorne obtained in the position of surveyor one who maps out new lands in the Salem Custom House, but was relieved of this position in because of his political ties.
His dismissal, however, turned out to be a blessing, since it gave him time in which to write his greatest success, The Scarlet Letter.
The association was more important to Melville than to Hawthorne, since Melville was fifteen years younger and the much more impressionable easily influenced of the two men. It left its mark in dedication of his Moby-Dick, and in some wonderful letters.
Years abroad In Franklin Pierce was elected president of the United States, and Hawthorne, who wrote his campaign biography, was appointed to the important overseas post of American consul advisor at Liverpool, England.If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Romantic Period American author, most famous for his novels The Scarlet Letter and The House of Seven Gables. Nathaniel Hawthorne: Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist and short-story writer who was a master of the allegorical and symbolic tale.
One of the greatest fiction writers in American literature, he is best known for The Scarlet Letter () and The House of the Seven Gables ().
Hawthorne’s ancestors had lived. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. He is seen as a key figure in the development of American literature for /5(K).
Nicholas Sparks is the author of novels The Notebook, Message in a Bottle and Nights in Rodanthe, among others. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on July 4, , into the sixth generation of his Salem family.
His ancestors included businessmen, judges, and seamen—all Puritans, a strict religious discipline.
Two aspects of his background especially affected his imagination and writing.