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The Latin lupus is a Sabine loanword. Subspecies of Canis lupus The species Canis lupus was first recorded by Carl Linnaeus in his publication Systema Naturae in with the Latin classification translating into the English words "dog wolf".
The thirty-seven subspecies of Canis lupus are listed under the designated common name of "wolf" in Mammal Species of the World third edition that was published in Origin Artist's impression of a Beringian wolf The evolution of the wolf occurred over a geologic time scale of at least thousand years.
The gray wolf Canis lupus is a highly adaptable species that is able to exist in a range of environments and which possesses a wide distribution across the Holarctic.
Studies of modern gray wolves have identified distinct sub-populations that live in close proximity to each other. However, the geographic origin of this radiation is not known.
Population structure Ina genetic study found that the wolf population in Europe was divided along a north-south axis and formed five major clusters. Three clusters were identified occupying southern and central Europe in Italy, the Dinaric- Balkansthe Carpathians.
Another two clusters were identified occupying north-central Europe and the Ukrainian steppe. The Italian wolf consisted of an isolated population with low genetic diversity. Wolves from Finland, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia formed the north-central Europe cluster, with wolves from the Carpathians cluster coming from a mixture of wolves from the north-central cluster and the Dinaric-Balkans cluster.
The wolves from the Carpathians were more similar to the wolves from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe than they were to wolves from north-central Europe. These clusters may have been the result of expansion from glacial refugiaan adaptation to local environments, and landscape fragmentation and the killing of wolves in some areas by humans.
The studies found that precipitation and mean diurnal temperature range were the most influential variables. The first is the product of a male wolf and a female spanielwhile the latter comes from a female wolf and a male West Siberian Laika It was once thought that dogs and gray wolves did not voluntarily interbreed in the wild, though they can produce fertile wolf-dog offspring.
Gray wolf Y-chromosomes have also been found in Texan coyote haplotypes. At six months of age, the hybrids were closely monitored and were shown to display both physical and behavioral characteristics from both species.
The gray wolf is the largest extant member of the Canidaeexcepting certain large breeds of domestic dog. Tibetan gray wolves, which occupy territories up to 3, above sea levelhave evolved hearts that withstand the low oxygen levels.
Skull and dentition The gray wolf's head is large and heavy, with a wide forehead, strong jaws and a long, blunt muzzle. This force is sufficient to break open most bones.The Grey Wolves (Turkish: Bozkurtlar), officially known as Ülkü Ocakları (Turkish: [ylcy od͡ʒɑkɫɑɾɯ]; "Idealist Clubs/Hearths"), are a Turkish far-right ultranationalist organization.
They are variously described as ultranationalist and/or neo-fascist.A youth organization with close links to the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), it has been described as MHP's paramilitary or militant.
The coyote is a typical canid intermediate in size between the foxes and the gray wolf. The pelage of the coyote is grayish, buff, pinkish cinnamon, or brownish, or a combination of those colors, often overlain by blackish tipped hairs on the ears, muzzle feet, and dorsum.
Gray wolves howl to assemble the pack (usually before and after hunts), to pass on an alarm (particularly at a den site), In , a comprehensive study found that the gray wolf was present across all of mainland China, both in the past and today.
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In late March , the USA's Yellowstone National Park received a special delivery. Fourteen grey wolves, flown in two months earlier from the Canadian Rockies, were released into the park.