Email When official announcement was made of the first planned nuclear test on Amchitka Island, the response of then-Alaska Governor William J. And so did that first Amchitka test, dubbed Long Shot, which was detonated on October 29,
Ecosystem[ edit ] The Bering Sea shelf break is the dominant driver of primary productivity in the Bering Sea. Nutrient upwelling from the cold waters of the Aleutian basin flowing up the slope and mixing with shallower waters of the shelf provide for constant production of phytoplankton.
The second driver of productivity in the Bering Sea is seasonal sea ice that, in part, triggers the spring phytoplankton bloom.
Seasonal melting of sea ice causes an influx of lower salinity water into the middle and other shelf areas, causing stratification and hydrographic effects which influence productivity. Warm water conditions in the summer of resulted in a massive bloom of low energy coccolithophorid phytoplankton Stockwell et al.
A long record of carbon isotopeswhich is reflective of primary production trends of the Bering Sea, exists from historical samples of bowhead whale baleen. The sea supports many whale species including the belugahumpback whalebowhead whalegray whale and blue whalethe vulnerable sperm whaleand the endangered fin whalesei whale and the rarest in the world, the North Pacific right whale.
Other marine mammals include walrusSteller sea lionnorthern fur sealorca and polar bear. Over 30 species of seabirds and approximately 20 million individuals breed in the Bering Sea region.
The Bering Sea is also home to colonies of crested aukletswith upwards of a million individuals. In addition, a small subspecies of Canada goose, the Bering Canada goose Branta canadensis asiatica is extinct due to overhunting and introduction of rats to their breeding islands.
The Bering Sea supports many species of fish. Some species of fish support large and valuable commercial fisheries. Commercial fish species include 6 species[ citation needed ] of Pacific salmonAlaska pollockPacific codPacific halibutyellowfin sole, Pacific ocean perch and sablefish.
Shellfish include red king crab and Chionoecetes.
Fish biodiversity is high, and at least species of fish have been reported from the Bering Sea. Fisheries[ edit ] The Bering Sea is world-renowned for its productive and profitable fisheries, such as king crab opilio and tanner crabs, Bristol Bay salmon, pollock and other groundfish.
The continued existence of these fisheries requires an intact, healthy, and productive ecosystem. Landings from Alaskan waters represents half the U.Jan 13, · In both the Bering Sea and the Chukchi Sea, and through the Bering Strait, Russia and the United States share an extensive maritime border.
Similarly, in the Barents Sea, Russia and Norway share an extensive and predominantly ice-free maritime border. WASHINGTON – In response to increased Arctic shipping traffic, the United States and Russian Federation have proposed a system of two-way routes for vessels to follow in the Bering Strait and Bering Sea.
Bering Sea Ecoregion Today 6 Conservation Concerns 7 Threats to Biodiversity 18 Bering Sea Ecoregion Map 20 annual fish catch comes from the Bering Sea as does an estimated 50 percent of Russia’s annual fish production. The region’s wet- help determine stress or problems affecting marine life.
In , the United States and the then Soviet Union signed an agreement dividing [the Bering] sea which separates Alaska from Siberia. However the Russian parliament has refused to ratify it, saying that it had taken 50, square kilometers away from Russia. The sinking of the Oryong , a South Korean fishing vessel that went down in heavy seas in Russian waters of the Bering Sea, illustrates that U.S.
Coast Guard and Russian authorities must – and do – work together to respond to emergency situations in the Arctic region.
Keywords: maritime economic border, Russian Federation, United States, Norway, Arctic regions, the Bering and Chukchi seas, the Barents Sea, international maritime law, the Bering Sea and Pacific Ocean, and also of the soviet economic zone in the Arctic Region.